FltGetFileNameInformationUnsafe name is spot on. It is very unsafe and dangerous function but not in the way mentioned in WDK. The documentation misses yet another dangerous case when it should not be used. This case is related to file system isolation filters( for more information on such filters follow this link https://www.osronline.com/article.cfm?article=560 ). I would state this additional condition as
- A filter driver must not use FltGetFileNameInformationUnsafe for file objects it never observed. A filter observed a file object if it was called at least once with this file object for any operation and it never received IRP_MJ_CLOSE for this file object or observed a failed IRP_MJ_CREATE. This condition guaranties that a file object is initialized by a filter of file system driver that is beneath a filter calling FltGetFileNameInformationUnsafe .
When the above condition is violated by any file system filter a filter might call an underlying file system with a file object this file system never initialized as the file object was initialized by a file system filter that is above a filter that has called FltGetFileNameInformationUnsafe . At first glance it seems that in that case an upper filter must isolate the underlying filters from such file object. This is true, but there is a degenerate case when a filter can gain access to file objects that it should never see. This is a case of a process creation callback when a file object for executable file is provided as a parameter to a callback and this file object might have been initialized by a file system filter above one that registered this callback. Below is a call stack from the system where Microsoft Windows Defender file system minifilter used FltGetFileNameInformationUnsafe from a process creation callback to query a file name for a file object initialized by a file system filter attached to MiniFilter Manager ( aka fltmgr.sys ).
As a result NTFS crashed when it received an IRP with a file object initialized by a file system filter attached to the top of the drivers stack. The obvious solution is to use the old good ObQueryNameString as it has been done for the last 25 years by the kernel itself, for example in NtQueryVirtualMemory when processing a memory region supported by a mapped file. In that case an IRP is created and sent from the very top of a drivers stack so an isolation filter has a chance to intercept this IRP and complete it.